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is HTML different from XHTML

i'd like to knom and if there is some one who can explain me exactly

7/25/2017 9:11:15 AM

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HTML or HyperText Markup Language is the main markup language for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser.and XHTML (Extensible HyperText Markup Language) is a family of XML markup languages that mirror or extend versions of the widely used Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), the language in which web pages are written.

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HTML is based on SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language), while XHTML is based on XML (Extensible Markup Language) , a more restrictive subset of SGML. XHTML documents are well-formed and may therefore be parsed using standard XML parsers, unlike HTML, which requires a lenient HTML-specific parser. In particular XHTML requires all tags to be closed - <br />, <hr />, <img />. While HTML permits "empty" tags - <br>, <hr>, <img>.